Which of the 4 different classroom management styles is best? (2023)

January 12, 2022 |teaching strategies

When it comes to effective teaching, it is critical to create a learning environment in which students feel safe, familiar, and motivated to learn. As a teacher, a large part of setting up this learning environment depends on your ability to maintain control of the classroom. This is where class management comes into play.

The classroom management approach you take in your classroom will directly impact your effectiveness as a teacher. But how do you know which approach works best for you and your students? Let's take a look at the four different types of instructional leadership styles and how each affects student outcomes.

Exploring the 4 different types of instructional leadership styles

In the 1960s, Diana Baumrind, a developmental psychologist at the University of California, Berkeley, conducted a study on children's behavior. She observed the preschool-age children and noted that each child exhibited unique behaviors. During her research, Baumrind developed a theory that different parenting styles can lead to different child development and behavioral outcomes.

1966, based on his observations, interviews and analyses,Baumrind identified three distinct parenting styles.: authoritarian, authoritarian and permissive parenting. Since then, researchers have discovered that these parenting styles apply to teaching as well, and have added a fourth: lenient teaching.

how is thereclose relationship between children's behavior and parenting styleaffecting their development, there is also a strong correlation between student behavior and teaching style. Let's examine in a little more detail how these four types of classroom management differ from each other.

Which of the 4 different classroom management styles is best? (1)

(Video) Classroom Management Styles: What's Your Style?

1. Authoritarian style of class leadership

The authoritarian teaching style refers to a teacher who is in complete control of his or her classroom. Authoritative teachers create a highly structured learning environment with a strong emphasis on rules. They expect unwavering obedience from their students and will not tolerate inappropriate behavior in the classroom. If students do not behave exactly as expected, they will be severely punished, regardless of the circumstances.

In addition, teachers who use an authoritarian style of classroom management tend to have low levels of engagement with their students. They avoid looking for opportunities to socialize and know very little about the lives of their students. As a result, children in authoritarian classes often feel intimidated, distrustful, and distant from their teachers, making it difficult for them to want to learn.

Because authoritative teachers prefer a structured, relaxed learning environment, they often opt for face-to-face instruction.cooperative learning strategies. They expect students to simply absorb the information rather than play a role in building their knowledge. Teachers with an authoritarian teaching style do not encourage collaboration or active discussion, often resulting in a poor classroom culture and an uninspiring learning environment.

2. Authority-oriented leadership style in the classroom

Although the names sound similar, authorized teachers and authorized teachers are very different. Like authoritarian teachers, educators with an authoritarian classroom style have a high level of control over their classrooms. Unlike licensed teachers, however, they also have high levels of student engagement.

Authoritative teachers are strict but fair. They set rules and apply them consistently, but they also value the input of their students. If a student has comments about classroom rules or ideas to improve the learning environment, the teacher will graciously accept the suggestions and make whatever changes he deems appropriate.

that kind of teacherexpect students to participateand work together according to the rules. An authoritative teacher encourages students to engage in active discussion and collaboration, but clearly communicates his expectations before dismissing students at his own expense. Giving students direction and giving them the freedom to take their learning into their own hands.The authoritative approach to teaching encourages autonomy.and a strong sense of responsibility.

In addition, educators with an authoritative teaching style are invested in the success of their students. Unlike authoritarian teachers, who blame their students when they don't achieve desired results, authoritarian teachers examine all contributing factors. They care about the personal lives of their students and understand the challenges inside and outside of the classroom.

Influential teachers consider the unique circumstances of their students when setting expectations and determining the appropriate consequences for breaking rules. you too consistentlygive positive reinforcement for a good job. For these reasons, an authoritative approach to classroom management is ideal for both students and teachers. Teachers are respected and appreciated by their students, and students are socially competent and responsible.

Which of the 4 different classroom management styles is best? (2)

(Video) Top 10 CLASSROOM MANAGEMENT Tips in 10 Minutes

3. Free teaching style

Permissive teachers are the complete opposite of authorized teachers. They have low levels of student engagement and control over their classroom. Educators who adopt a permissive teaching style are heavily criticized. They do not plan classes or activities in advance and often improvise; they rely heavily on movies and books to occupy their time.

Permissive teachers do not set rules or punish bad behavior. Students are given too much freedom, resulting in a messy and unproductive learning environment. Because the permissive classroom is so unpunitive and unstructured, students often take control without prompting from the teacher.

Having lost their passion for teaching, outspoken teachers are not invested in the success of their students. They interact very little with students and rarely address their needs. As a result, students who are subjected to a permissive teaching style often fail to grow academically and socially in this type of learning environment. Without control or participation in the classroom, a permissive teacher cannot help their students reach their full potential.

4. Forgiving classroom leadership

Like permissive teachers, those with a permissive approach to classroom management have little control over their classroom. Forgiving teachers often live by the philosophy that highly structured classrooms undermine students' personal growth and self-esteem. Therefore, they allow students to express themselves freely and make their own decisions without limits. This usually means that students have a lot of freedom.

Unlike permissive teachers, lenient teachers have a very high level of commitment to their students. They care deeply about their students and what is going on in their lives, but they tend to be very friendly. Consequently, forgiving teachers are generally liked by their students who feel comfortable talking to them. However, these teachers often lose their authority as the students only see them as friends.

Forgiving teachers care not only about their students' personal lives, but also about their students' success. theyprepare daily lessons,But because of their lack of control and authority, forgiving teachers find themselves pushed around by their students and struggle to redirect them. This leads to an unproductive classroom with little learning.

Which of the 4 different classroom management styles is best? (3)

Choosing the best classroom management style

When deciding which of the four different types of classroom leadership styles is right for you, consider which approach best suits your philosophy and teaching goals. Here are some questions to consider to guide your thinking:

  • What are your goals as a teacher?
  • Why do you want to work with students?
  • How would you like your students to see you?
  • What happens in a successful learning environment?
  • Where do you want your students to be at the end of the year (academic/social/emotional)?

It is important to note that no teacher consistently fits into a single category. Students are all unique and different situations call for different practices. However, researchers have found that the closer a teacher is to an authoritarian approach, the greater the effect it will have on their students. Classroom management is the most important aspect of a successful classroom, but finding the right balance between control and participation requires some trial and error.

(Video) Research-Backed Strategies for Better Classroom Management

Seyou are a new teacher, take the time to find out what works best for you. Try different classroom management strategies and see how they affect your students. Then ask yourself if the strategy is having a positive or negative impact on student outcomes. Once you've answered this question, change your approach as needed until you find the right balance.

On the other hand, if you are a more experienced teacher, take time to reflect on your leadership style in the classroom and adjust as needed. Many teachers do not intentionally choose to be permissive or lenient, but their choices cause them to lose control of their classroom. Don't let the wrong approach get in your way. It's never too late to change your teaching style to better serve your students!

for more usefulClass Management Tipsand learning resources, visit ourClassroom Management Resource CentermiSign up for our email newsletter!

Which of the 4 different classroom management styles is best? (4)

class books

(Video) How to make a noisy class quiet - Classroom Management Strategies for teachers with a loud class

Serie K-12

Teacher Resources

A popular resource for teachers! Choose from two book styles to keep your classroom running smoothly.

See product →


(Video) 7 Classroom Management Tips FOR PRIMARY TEACHERS (Improve Student Focus!)

  • Exploring the 4 different types of instructional leadership styles
    • 1. Authoritarian style of class leadership
    • 2. Authority-oriented leadership style in the classroom
    • 3. Free teaching style
    • 4. Forgiving classroom leadership
  • Choosing the best classroom management style

More Teaching Strategy Blogs to Explore

Tips for Teaching English to Students in the Video Series: Using Turn and Talk to Promote ELLs Top 10 Educational Websites Teachers and Parents Will Love Spark student curiosity with our nonfiction reading strategies and activities


Why authoritative classroom management is best? ›

The authoritative classroom management style aims to strike a balance between teacher control and student involvement. Students are encouraged to participate in the class and collaborate with their peers, while all the time following set rules.

What are 4 strategies for effective classroom management? ›

5 Effective Classroom Management Strategies
  • Express clearly what your expectations are for your students. ...
  • Collaborate on classroom goals with your students. ...
  • Focus on students' social-emotional well-being. ...
  • Build relationships with your students.
Mar 29, 2022

What is the best classroom management style? ›

The authoritative approach is the best form of classroom management style because it is the one most closely associated with appropriate student behaviors.

What is the most effective classroom management? ›

Good classroom management isn't simply about keeping everyone in their seats and quiet. It's about building strong relationships with your students, encouraging them to take part in their own learning, and sharing a little of yourself. A classroom culture that is good for kids is good for teachers, too.

What is the best strategy or method in classroom managements when it comes to dealing with visual or hearing impaired learners? ›

Include Visual Aids in Teaching: Visual aids are beneficial for every student, even the students without any hearing difficulty. By writing down the phrases, or using pictures, videos and slideshows not only will help the deaf students to maximum extent but will also make the session interesting for them.

What are the four ways of motivating students in the classroom? ›

Here are some strategies that can be used in the classroom to help motivate students:
  • Promote growth mindset over fixed mindset. ...
  • Develop meaningful and respectful relationships with your students. ...
  • Grow a community of learners in your classroom. ...
  • Establish high expectations and establish clear goals. ...
  • Be inspirational.
Jun 4, 2018

What makes a good classroom management plan? ›

A well-managed classroom has three important elements (Popescu, 2014): Efficient use of time and space. Strategies that empower the students to make good choices instead of controlling their behavior. Effective implementation of instructional strategies.

Which is more effective for classroom learning? ›

The classroom environment is usually more dynamic and allows active debates and participation, whereas online learning may not have this much engagement. Online classes usually have one-way communication, in which the teacher provides required materials and instructions to the students.

What are some strategies the classroom could use for better student success? ›

Strategies for Successful Students
  • Attending class regularly is essential! ...
  • Always be prepared for class. ...
  • Don't be afraid to ask questions! ...
  • Practice time management! ...
  • Always save your draft in multiple places. ...
  • Understand the importance of the syllabus, and refer back to it throughout the semester.

What is the best discipline strategy of classrooms having a very noisy class? ›

Address students individually and not as a group

But by identifying students personally and not as a collective you are much more likely to get results and get them to be quiet as there is more fear that they could get reprimanded. Once some of the main culprits are quiet the rest of the class should quickly follow.

What is the best way to motivate students in the classroom? ›

Positive Outcomes
  1. Give verbal praise for successful progress or accomplishment.
  2. Give personal attention to students.
  3. Provide informative, helpful feedback when it is immediately useful.
  4. Provide motivating feedback (praise) immediately following task performance.

What is the most important motivator for students in the classroom? ›

Students look to teachers for approval and positive reinforcement, and are more likely to be enthusiastic about learning if they feel their work is recognized and valued. You should encourage open communication and free thinking with your students to make them feel important. Be enthusiastic.

What are the best ways to motivate students? ›

Tips On How To Motivate Your Students
  1. Become a role model for student interest. ...
  2. Get to know your students. ...
  3. Use examples freely. ...
  4. Use a variety of student-active teaching activities. ...
  5. Set realistic performance goals. ...
  6. Place appropriate emphasis on testing and grading. ...
  7. Be free with praise and constructive in criticism.

Why is authoritative parenting the most effective? ›

Authoritative parents are supportive and often in tune with their children's needs. They guide their kids through open and honest discussions to teach values and reasoning. Like authoritarian parents, they set limits and enforce standards. But unlike authoritarian parents, they're much more nurturing.

What is the idea that best describes authoritative classroom management style? ›

An authoritative classroom management style includes high control and high involvement. This means that teachers with an authoritative style value discipline and order while also valuing student connections and learning more about their lives, hobbies or interests.

Why is it important to be an authoritative teacher with the student? ›

By giving students guidelines as well as the freedom to take ownership of their learning, the authoritative teaching approach fosters autonomy and a strong sense of responsibility. Additionally, educators with an authoritative teaching style are invested in the success of their students.

Why is authoritarian parenting the most effective? ›

Safety. Authoritarian parenting places a strong emphasis on safety—both emotional and physical—which minimizes the types of risky behavior a child may engage in. Children who grasp the outcome of a harmful action are more likely to stay away from it.

Which parenting style is most encouraged? ›

Of the four parenting styles, the authoritative style is the one that is most encouraged in modern American society.

Which parenting style has the most positive outcomes? ›

This work consistently demonstrated that youth of authoritative parents had the most favorable development outcomes; authoritarian and permissive parenting were associated with negative developmental outcomes; while outcomes for children of neglectful parents were poorest.

Which style of classroom arrangement is most effective for collaborative learning activities? ›

Pods (Groups, Pairs)

This arrangement can be especially advantageous when students will work in groups or pairs with their classmates for a large portion of class time. More generally, this arrangement communicates a learning community where students are expected to work with one another.

What kind of classroom management is conducive to learning? ›

Having a comfortable physical space where children are able to sit comfortably, see and understand what their teacher is saying, as well as socialise with their fellow classmates is one of the major components of a conducive learning environment.

What theory is most commonly used in the classroom to assist in classroom management? ›

Behaviorist Theory

Skinner, who theorized that learning occurs through a series of rewards or punishments. While Skinner believed that all learning could occur this way, Behaviorist Theory is most commonly utilized in classrooms today as a tool for behavior management.

How do you manage discipline in the classroom? ›

There are a number of ways that a teacher can promote good discipline in the classroom.
  1. Know school guidelines for discipline procedures.
  2. Be fair, positive and consistent. ...
  3. Provide a list of standards and consequences to parents and students. ...
  4. Keep your classroom orderly. ...
  5. Get to know your students.

Which leadership style in education is best for a school? ›

The authoritative leadership style is one of the most effective leadership styles in education. These leaders are fair and consistent. They also have high expectations for their students and expect them to meet those expectations. They also provide feedback to their students so they can improve their performance.

Is authoritative or authoritarian better? ›

Of the 4 parenting types, experts agree that the authoritative parenting style is the one that yields better results. Children raised in authoritative environments tend to do better emotionally and in social situations long term in comparison to children who are raised under authoritarian or neglectful environments.

Which parenting style could be considered the most balanced? ›

Your children will less likely develop depression, anxiety, criminal behavior, or drug abuse problems. Therefore, authoritative parenting is the best parenting style to help create the right nurturing environment by offering them the right balance of discipline and warmth.

Do children of authoritarian parents do well in school? ›

Research has found there is a significant relationship between authoritarian parenting and children's academic success. 14 Kids raised by authoritarian parents tend to be less successful both educationally and in their later career paths.


1. 10 Everyday Classroom Management Tips for Teachers
(Maya Lee)
2. Classroom Management Strategies That Make Kids Listen
(Tips 4 Teachers)
3. The SECRET to CLASSROOM MANAGEMENT - Classroom Management Strategies for Teachers
(Etacude English Teachers)
4. 6 Creative Behaviour Management Strategies That Engage Students In The Classroom
(Tips 4 Teachers)
5. Classroom Strategies For Managing Difficult Behaviour
(Tips 4 Teachers)
6. 👩🏽‍🏫Classroom Management | My Top 5 for Kinders | MOST EFFECTIVE!
(Morgan Taylor)


Top Articles
Latest Posts
Article information

Author: Kieth Sipes

Last Updated: 20/08/2023

Views: 6477

Rating: 4.7 / 5 (47 voted)

Reviews: 94% of readers found this page helpful

Author information

Name: Kieth Sipes

Birthday: 2001-04-14

Address: Suite 492 62479 Champlin Loop, South Catrice, MS 57271

Phone: +9663362133320

Job: District Sales Analyst

Hobby: Digital arts, Dance, Ghost hunting, Worldbuilding, Kayaking, Table tennis, 3D printing

Introduction: My name is Kieth Sipes, I am a zany, rich, courageous, powerful, faithful, jolly, excited person who loves writing and wants to share my knowledge and understanding with you.