Types of Dance - types, categories and styles of dance (2023)

Here are some of the most popular dance categories and styles:


These dances first appeared in Italy in the early years of the Renaissance. The popularity of this type of entertainment quickly spread across Europe, the United States and the world. While many other simpler, more preformable dance types have caused the ballroom to lose some of its influence, modern dance audiences around the world have begun to relive these immortal dances at an ever-increasing rate.

  • vals- This elegant, slow dance for two was first introduced in the mid-19th century and became very popular thanks to the music of famous composer Johann Strauss. Today, this dance represents the gold standard and is the most famous ballroom dance in the world.
  • viennese waltz- The original form of the waltz, first performed in the Italian courts, is now known as the Viennese waltz. It differs from the much more famous "English Slow Waltz" in that it is much faster, 180 beats per minute, and was the first to introduce "closed squeezing" between performers.
  • Tango- Originally created in the Río de la Plata region of Argentina, this dance is known today for many of its variations (Argentinian tango, Uruguayan tango, Finnish tango and two types of salon tango - standard and American) and the fascinating sensual and energetic style.

Types of Dance - types, categories and styles of dance (1)

  • cha cha cha- This incredibly rhythmic dance, created in Latin America, managed to fuse slow and very energetic movements, becoming an instant hit with dancers all over the world.
  • Rumba- The popularity of this Cuban dance came from its focus on the dance partners' sensual hip movements. Many styles of rumba have developed since its creation in the 1930s, most notably Cuban rumba (in the style of the African slaves who created it), Catalan rumba (with a Spanish twist), flamenco rumba and African rumba. .
  • Samba- Samba is a famous genre of dance and music that originated on the coast of Africa and in Brazil. Today, the infectious rhythm of samba is considered Brazil's national dance, and its famous Brazilian Carnival attracts millions of samba fans each year.
  • Things- This Cuban dance, which accompanies the song of the same name, was introduced in the 1930s and quickly gained popularity thanks to the exploits of famous musicians and dancers such as Pérez Prado, Benny Moré, Tongolele, Adalberto Martínez, Rosa Carmina and Lilia Meadow. .
  • fast step- Lively and fast movements, powerful forms and syncopation represent the central stylistic characteristics of Quickstep, one of the most popular ballroom dances in the world. Originally developed in the New York and Caribbean dance scene of the 1920s, combining dances such as the Charleston, a slow variation of the foxtrot, peabody, shag and one-step. The smooth, glamorous version of the Quickstep, danced around the world today in 4/4, 48 to 52 bars per minute, was standardized in 1927.
  • Jargon- The jive is one of the five most popular dances in Latin America, also known as swing, boogie or boogie-woogie. Considered one of the liveliest Latin dances, it encourages the upbeat, upbeat nature of the performances with lots of knee and hip movement. Its official variant of the ballroom jive, commonly danced at a speed of 176 beats per minute, was formalized in the 1990s.
  • Bolero- Bolero is an Argentine dance, but there are also different international variations of the same name from Cuba and Spain. The now popular standard version of this dance is based on the Cuban bolero and is also known as "Rumba". This 2/4 or 4/4 music with a tempo of around 120 beats per minute is world famous.

African-American and traditional jazz dances.

  • charleston- This extremely popular type of dance was popularized by the famous song called "The Charleston" by composer and pianist James P. Johnson. Charlestoncraze soon took over from the avid dancers of the Prohibition era in the United States.
  • Balance- This dance is now synonymous with jazz and swing of the 1920s and 1930s. Due to the many styles of jazz, swing also comes in many flavors: Lindy Hop, Jitterbug, Boogie Woogie, West Coast Swing, and Rock and Roll.
  • Tap dance- This hugely popular dance form was first introduced to the United States during the Prohibition era of the 1920s. Originally created by African slaves, tap entered the mainstream with performances by the Nicholas brothers. A few years later, tap conquered Hollywood, and then the whole world.
  • moonwalk- This extremely famous dance move, which mimics the illusion of walking backwards, was first performed by pop icon Michael Jackson in March 1983 and has since gained worldwide fame. No dance move ever created has managed to gain such popularity and recognition.
  • boogie-woogie- This fast and energetic dance style became widespread in the 1930s and 1940s.

World Dances / Latin Dances

  • salsa- This Latin American dance is now one of the most popular dances in Latin America, North America, Europe and Australia. Its highly sensual shape, energetic movement and innovative choreography influenced by mambo, changuyi and rumba have made it very popular around the world.
  • Flamenco- This famous Spanish dance originated in the region of Andalusia and only got its name in the 18th century.heCentury. Her magical, passionate and energetic fusion of singing (sing), playing the guitar (touque), dancing and clapping (clapping) has made her famous all over the world and has become a recognized heritage of all mankind.
  • Argentinian tango- Among many types oftango, Argentine dance strives to preserve the original form of tango, which first emerged in the Rio de la Plata region.
  • To lick- Originally from Pará, Brayil, this famous dance became popular internationally in the 1980s. He successfully fused aspects of forró, salsa, merengue, maxixe and carimbó into an unforgettable dance style.
  • Polka- The rise of the polka in the mid-19th century created one of the biggest "dance crazes" our world has ever seen. It has managed to influence many other dances, has become the national dance of many European countries and is extremely popular throughout the Western Hemisphere.
  • Jargon
  • east coast swing- Swing dancing has many variations, one of the most popular being the East Coast Swing. Now known as Eastern Swing, Jitterbug, American Swing, East Coast Lindy and Lindy, this social dance emerged between the 1940s and 1960s as an alternative to other types of swing dances that were more difficult to learn.
  • Capoeira- Capoeira dance is a unique dance found in the combat movements of the Afro-Brazilian martial art of the same name, heavily inspired by music, dance and acrobatics. Practitioners of this martial art are famous for being highly athletic dancers who can use dance moves to perform fast and complex maneuvers that can deliver a variety of kicks, spins, jumps and other techniques used in combat. Today Capoeira is known as one of the most famous cultural heritages in Brazil and South America.
  • Bailes country/occidentales- - Country dance style is a social dance activity closely related to American country and its western traditions. It does not consist of a single dance, but includes many dance forms and styles that can be performed to western country music. Regardless of the type of music or type of dance, country dance dates employ strict dance floor etiquette and even the ability to perform multiple dance styles simultaneously on a dance floor.
  • folk dance- Folk dances represent musical and cultural heritage, reflections on the daily life or the ethnic history of a people who live in a certain region or country. Folk dances (also known as traditional or ethnic dances) are popular around the world in hundreds of unique variations and styles, and are often performed at dance events to the accompaniment of local traditional music. Most folk dances are unregulated and slowly change over time.
  • belly dance- Belly dancing is one of the most famous oriental folk dances in the world. It is an expressive dance form originating in Egypt that emphasizes complex movements of the upper body and the whole body, using sudden percussive movements, uninterrupted fluid body movements, and the presence of small, rapid tremors and vibrations of the hips or hips. . Belly dancing is considered very sensual, exciting and captivating.

professional performance dance

Professional dancing was first introduced in the early years of the Italian Renaissance, when music, dance, art and poetry grew in popularity after millennia of medieval stagnation. Refined by the efforts of France and Russia,balletbecame the premier technical dance concert. As one of the most revered and intricate dances of all time, ballet has continued its rise to world dominance. In modern times, many other professional dances have emerged, such asContemporary dance, modern dance, concert dance, but none managed to overcome the complexity, physical exertion and legacy of ballet.

  • ballet- Ballet is undoubtedly one of the most technical and famous stage dances. It was originally created in 15th century Renaissance Italy, but became popular in countries such as France and Russia. Its incredible popularity and influence had a profound impact on the techniques found in many other dances and even changed the cultural history of many countries around the world.
  • Contemporary dance- Contemporary dance is a highly sophisticated type of modern dance that emerged in the mid-20th century as an alternative to classical dance styles (such as ballet), modern styles (free dancing) andjazz dance. Its focus on free leg movement, heavy upper body loading, random choreography, unpredictability, multiple and simultaneous actions, improvisation and non-standard costumes, sets and lighting fueled this dance at the forefront of the modern art dance scene.
  • dance concert- Concert dancing (also known as stage dancing) is any choreographed dance performed for an audience, usually in a theater or in an organized gathering setting with incidental music present. It is the exact opposite of ballroom dancing or participation dancing, where participants are free to dance how and when they want. The most popular concert dances are ballet, acrobatic dance, tap, modern dance, Indian or Persian classical dances and others.
  • modern dance- Modern dance is an influential dance performance that emerged as a reaction to classical ballet and its style of movement. Shaped by many factors in the late 19th and early to mid-20th centuries, modern dance evolved into a popular style of free dance, incorporating elements of performing arts, release techniques, improvisation, and contact improvisation.
  • Tap dance- Among many popular dances around the world, tap is perhaps one of the most unusual dances. Rather than focusing on body movements and dancing with a partner, tap is characterized by creating a rhythmic performance with a focus on music and percussion, with tap shoes tapping the floor in unison with the dance music.

Types of Dance - types, categories and styles of dance (2)

modern dances

Advances in music technology have brought about the birth of many new types of dance. The introduction of electronic music and rock ushered in the era of house, punk and rave.disco dancing. Faraway India didn't care much for these styles and, in line with deeply held religious beliefs, incorporated the dance of their gods into everyday life and made a lucrative Bollywood movie set.

  • house dance- After the disco years of popularity, the house music and house dance genre was born in the clubs of New York and Chicago. Drawing on the subtler rhythms, riffs and musical influences of jazz, Latin, soul, funk, R&B and many other music styles, this social dance quickly conquered homes and clubs around the world.
  • baile punk- Punk rock, which emerged as an extension of 1960s garage rock, was able to attract fans who weren't into the traditional ballroom dancing of yesteryear, but rather the more energetic and sometimes violent style of moshing (sometimes called slam dancing) ). ) and headbanging. These dance styles were characterized by heavy, full body contact from the live band audience, with frequent bumping and shoving both solo and in groups.
  • baile rave- Driven by the endless focus on pulsating beats, loud volume and psychedelic music effects, rave music dancers are free to create their free movement style, without rules of dance routines or synchronized movements, often in dark and crowded nightclub venues, club nights and festivals. Dancers are encouraged to be inspired by the music, other people and their state of mind.
  • disco dancing- The popular 1970s disco genre wouldn't be as popular if it weren't so easy to dance to. Fans of this song often wore strange and sexy outfits while dancing structured or free-form versions of various disco dances such as Bump, (various variations of) Hustle, Robot, Boogaloo, Watergate, and others.
  • danza bollywood- The cultural history of India and the rest of South Asia would not have been the same without the strong influence of the Bollywood film industry, which spread Hindi dance music around the world. A blend of traditional Indian music, Hindi dance traditions from the Indian subcontinent and techniques from the Middle East, Bollywood dance is characterized by elaborate choreography, energetic movements and dances involving large numbers of participants.

Hip-Hop e Funk-Dance

The hip hop dance style evolved from the musical style that was first introduced in the 1970s. Fueled by widespread popularity, media exposure, movies and television shows, hip hop dance has gained wide popularity in the United States, France , United Kingdom , and South Korea. A very similar style called funk also emerged in the 1970s and is now considered one of the most influential dance styles in hip hop.

  • break dancing (breaking)- One of the most athletic dances in the world, breakdancing originally found its popularity as street dancing in the New York Bronx in the 1970s. It has since spread across the world, where it has been recognized as one of the most unique dance styles of all time. This dance is usually danced solo and requires talented dancers to perform the series of choreographed or free-form dances and athletic movements along with music that is usually breakbeat, hip hop or funk.
  • rebound- Originating in the 1980s as a hybrid of New Orleans hip-hop music and Indian singing traditions of Mardi Gras, the jump dance can now be danced in its normal and hypersexual forms. Because it is so closely tied to the traditions of Mardi Gras culture, many forms of rebounding remain very regional today and can rarely be seen dancing outside of the music scenes of New Orleans, Miami, Baltimore, and other capital cities. to music.
  • electric boogaloo- The funk style of hip-hop was not only popularized by its music, but also by the worldwide acceptance of the famous dance style called Electric Boogaloo, originally promoted in the 1970s by the dance group of the same name. Freely danced and choreographed by individuals and groups, the Electric Boogaloo is filled with a variety of moves that focus on leg, hip and knee movement and the frequent use of exaggerated robotic movements.
  • street jazz- Born from the influences of African-American slaves, jazz dance gained popularity in the early 20th century as any form of dance performed alongside the then-new jazz music. Free and highly improvised jazz dance, it quickly morphed into performance dance imitating elements of ballet. Today, jazz dance is enjoyed in a variety of ways, collectively referred to as "modern jazz dance".
  • to drink- The jookin' dance style or called "gangsta waling" is a street dance that first appeared on the streets of Memphis, Tennessee in the 1990s. The dance is characterized by the set of movements that try to emulate the "bounce" on the central beat of the crunk music that usually accompanies this dance style. Although this dance has gained some popularity around the world, it remains a regional dance rarely seen outside the city of Memphis.
  • closing- Funk Dance is incredibly diverse and one of its famous variations is "Locking". The central trick of this hip hop dance style is to stop suddenly in the middle of a dance routine and hold (or lock) the position for a short period of time, then suddenly resume dancing. It requires full-body movement, but most of the dance focuses on the upper half of the body. Many block dancers prefer to use a variety of acrobatic and physically demanding moves to add to their dance routines.
  • pop- Very similar in style to the popular Electric Boogaloo, Popping is another version of 1960s and 1970s street dance funk that was popular around the world. The technique that dancers must master to dance correctly is controlled by popping and a quick contrast and relaxation of the muscles that create the feeling of a pull throughout the body. This push is called a "pop" or "hit" and can be used to expand dance routines, movements and poses.
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