8 tips for proactive classroom management (2023)

In the 1950s, psychologists Jacob Kounin and Paul Gump discovered a curious side effect of discipline: if a student was disruptive and the teacher responded with severe discipline, the student might stop, but other students would begin to exhibit the same behavior. Kounin and Gump called it "Domino effect' and showed that efforts to control a classroom can backfire.

"The teacher interested in controlling domino effects can usually do better by giving the child clear directions rather than pressuring him," write Kounin and Gump.

Decades later, classroom management remains a touchy subject for teachers. Nearly half of new teachers say they feel "not at all prepared" or "just a little prepared" to deal with unruly students, in part because the average teacher education program spends just eight hours on the subject, according to one study.Post 2014National Council for Educational Quality. This lack of education comes at a price, with teachers reporting losses144 minutes of classbehavior problems on average every week, that is about three weeks a year.

Recent research confirms what Kounin and Gump discovered decades ago. FORStudy 2016found that negative attention, admonitions such as "Stop talking! Students in the study felt disconnected, had trouble concentrating, and were unable to effectively regulate their thoughts and emotions, a vicious cycle that "actually reinforces student inappropriate behavior" , explain the authors of the study.

8 proactive classroom management strategies

Rather than dealing with outages after they occur, it can be more effective to define conditions under which they are less likely to occur. Here are eight teaching strategies that teachers have shared with Edutopia.all backed by research.

(Video) 8 Proactive Classroom Management Strategies

1. Greet students at the door:At Van Ness Elementary School in Washington, DC, Falon Turner starts the day by waving, shaking hands or hugging each of her students. "During that time, I'm just trying to connect with them... It's like taking a pulse to see where they are," she says.

In a study published last yearGreet students at the doorhelped teachers set a positive tone for the rest of the day, increased school engagement by 20 percentage points, and reduced disruptive behavior by 9 percentage points, which translated to about an hour more engagement throughout the school day .


2. Build, maintain and restore relationships:Building relationships with students through strategies such as greeting at the door is a good place to start. They also require maintenance throughout the school year and repairs during conflicts. "The stronger the relationship and the better we understand our students, the more knowledge and willingness we need to have when the pressure hits."he writesMarieke van Woerkom, Restorative Practices Instructor at the Morningside Center for Teaching Social Responsibility in New York City.

strategies forBuild, maintain and restore relationships— such as regular check-ins and focusing on solutions rather than problems — can reduce outages by up to 75%.

(Video) Proactive Classroom Management - Ask an Educator


3. Use reminders and signals:"Novelty, like the sound of a wind chime or a rain stick, catches the attention of young students"he writesTodd Finley, former English teacher and current English teacher, who suggests using these techniques to quiet a noisy class.

Let older students know ahead of time if they need to follow directions. Reminders and hints are helpful in encouraging students to follow directions without appearing overly controlling or aggressive. For example, if you can expect an interrupt, e.g. B. When students get up from their seats when they finish an assignment early, quickly remind them of what they must do.

Reminders are usually verbal, but they can also be visual (turning on lights to signal it's time to be quiet), auditory (ringing a small bell to let students know they are waiting for the teacher). (with a hand signal). for students to return to their seats).

4. Optimize classroom seating:If students choose their own seats, they arethree times more likely to be disruptivethan in the allocation of seats. Eventually, they'll likely choose seats next to their friends and spend more time talking.

8 tips for proactive classroom management (1)

Courtesy of Emily Polack

For ninth grade teacher Emily Polak, flexible seating is part of effective classroom management.

(Video) Proactive Classroom Management: Launch Your Classroom! Episode 45

But that doesn't mean the choice is always bad. Giving students a sense of ownership in the space, along with clear expectations of behavior, can have surprising positive effects. A cozy space canReduce anxiety and improve academic performance. Emily Polak, a ninth-grade teacher in Madison, Alabama,gave your room a more comfortable atmosphereAdd a sofa, sofa, rugs, coffee table and posters. Your students choose where to sit, but if they can't get the job done, they are moved back to a table. “Disciplinary problems have decreased significantly. My students seem to feel more relaxed and motivated in an environment that values ​​their choices,” says Polak.

(Video) 5 Proactive Classroom Management Tips #VenkatSoorya #classroom #ClassroomManagement #UnikLife

5. Praise certain behaviors:It may seem contradictory, howeverRecognize positive behavior and ignore low-level interruptscan be more effective than punishing or disciplining students. Rather than focusing on specific students, praise the behavior you want to reinforce. For example, tell students, "It's great that you were seated so quickly."

It is also useful to avoid the wordNO,suggestsAlyssa Nucaro, a sixth-grade English teacher in Memphis. Students are more likely to listen to instructions that provide clear reasons.

6. Set clear expectations:Rather than just pointing out rules of conduct, discuss with your students why these rules are important. Bobby Shaddox, a seventh-grade social studies teacher in Portland, Maine, works with his students to create a list of rules, words likeIncluding,in focus, jtaken in consideration- to build a sense of community. "It helps us control behavior in the classroom," says Shaddox. “Instead of a top-down list of rules that a teacher gives to a class, these are words that we generate together. Those are words we believe in."


7. Actively monitor:"Presence is critical to maintaining classroom management and delivering instruction effectively, and it's a skill we're striving to develop."ExplainSol Henik, a high school teacher in Pleasant Hill, California. While it's tempting to sit at your desk and grade assignments, it's also an invitation for your students to get distracted. Stay active - move around the room, check student progress and ask questions. It's not about observing your students, it's about interacting with them.

AStudy 2017found that a teacher's non-verbal cues, such as smiling and eye contact, can reduce "the physical and/or psychological distance" they have with their students, thereby increasing students' positive feelings about the teacher and the course material, while improving behavior.

(Video) Utilizing Proximity to Manage Classroom Discipline and Behavior

8. Be consistent in applying the rules:Kelly Wickham Hurst began her career as a public school administratorasked for disciplinea black student for violating the school's dress code by wearing baggy jeans. As they walked down the hall, he pointed to other children, all white, also wearing baggy pants. "Are you going to get him too or just me?" he asked. School and classroom expectations, rules, and routines must be followed and applied fairly to all students. Don't single out specific students, it's the behavior you need to focus on, not the student. Correct mistakes as you see them and provide additional instruction or reteach when misconduct occurs.


What is your classroom management style interview answer? ›

Example: "I'd describe my classroom management style as being authoritative, but not authoritarian. I like to bring everything I have to my teaching, which means I emphasize rules and proper behavior, but I also focus on engagement and student enjoyment.

What are 5 strategies of classroom management? ›

5 Effective Classroom Management Strategies
  • Write Down the Rules.
  • Let Students Help.
  • Encourage Questioning.
  • Let Students Lead.
  • Encourage Group Projects.
Sep 21, 2021

What is the key to an effective classroom management explain your answer? ›

Good classroom management isn't simply about keeping everyone in their seats and quiet. It's about building strong relationships with your students, encouraging them to take part in their own learning, and sharing a little of yourself. A classroom culture that is good for kids is good for teachers, too.

What are 5 proactive strategies? ›

Examples of proactive strategies include modifying task characteristics, reorganizing the physical setting, clarifying routines and expectations, revising the activity schedule, changing social interactions, providing more opportunities for choices, enhancing the predictability of the setting, and addressing ...

What are proactive strategies? ›

Proactive (antecedent) strategies are tools used to prevent or avoid problem behaviour or dysregulation from occurring. They are introduced before any challenging behaviours and help to reduce the chances of them occurring.

What is the best answer for management style? ›

“I try to employ a very democratic and collaborative management style. I think it's so important that everyone feels heard and supported. I want all the members of my team to feel like we all work together, not that they all work for me or that they're all individuals who happen to share a manager.

What is the most effective style of classroom management? ›

The authoritative approach is the best form of classroom management style because it is the one most closely associated with appropriate student behaviors.

What are the 4 C's of classroom management? ›

Teaching through the lens of the "Four Cs"—critical thinking, communication, collaboration, and creativity—will help us and our students stay essential in an evolving world of work.

What are the 3 C's of classroom management? ›

As you consider some of your most challenging students or classes, think about your approach to classroom management through the lens of these three areas: connection, consistency, and compassion.

What are the 4 keys for successful classroom management? ›

Building Community, Motivation, Responsibility, and School Safety. Explore the four key skill areas (community, motivation, responsibility, and school safety) essential to establishing an atmosphere that supports learning for all students.

What are the 10 characteristics of an effective classroom management? ›

Building an Effective Classroom
  • Clear Rules and Expectations. Classroom expectations should be clear to all students. ...
  • Frequent and Successful Assessment. ...
  • High Student Engagement and Involvement. ...
  • Authentic and Purposeful Learning. ...
  • Efficient Housekeeping.
Nov 18, 2019

What are the 7 approaches to classroom management? ›

This diversity in learning styles calls for a variety of approaches to classroom management. This study is anchored with the seven primary classroom management approaches: Assertive, Business-Academic, Behavioral-Modification, Group Managerial, Group Guidance, Acceptance, and Success.

What are 7 proactive habits? ›

Habit 1: Be Proactive is about taking responsibility for your life. Proactive people recognize that they are “response-able.” They don't blame circumstances, conditions, or conditioning for their behavior.

What are the three types of proactive? ›

Predictive maintenance, preventive maintenance and condition-based are all forms of proactive maintenance.

What are the examples of proactive? ›

List of Examples of being Proactive
  • Turning Up to Work Early. ...
  • Doing Extracurricular Work to Increase Chances of Getting into College. ...
  • Asking Your Professor for Advice on How to Complete An Assignment. ...
  • Writing Daily To-Do Lists. ...
  • Researching About a Company Before a Job Interview. ...
  • Proactive Policing.
Oct 20, 2021

What is proactive management examples? ›

By being confident and optimistic, proactive managers can inspire employees. For example, a sales manager who is enthusiastic and encouraging with his sales representatives might stimulate the development of the same proactive behavior in his staff.

What is 4 basic management style? ›

The four leadership styles managers use are autocratic, democratic, laissez-faire, and paternalistic, and each will be most effective depending on particular situations.

What are the 3 main management styles? ›

There are three broad categories of management styles: Autocratic, democratic and laissez-faire. Within these categories, there are specific subtypes of management styles, each with its own pros and cons.

How do you motivate a team answer? ›

Jump to section
  1. Share your vision and set clear goals.
  2. Communicate with your staff.
  3. Encourage teamwork.
  4. A healthy office environment.
  5. Give positive feedback and reward your team.
  6. Provide opportunities for development.
  7. Give employees the space they need to thrive.

What are your key strength? ›

What are key strengths? Key strengths include knowledge-based skills, transferable skills and personal traits. Knowledge-based skills are technical skills that you learn from education and experience. Transferable skills are soft skills that are applicable in most situations, such as communication and problem-solving.

What makes a good manager? ›

Managers become great communicators by being good listeners. They allow time for others to speak. They clearly understand the organization's vision and share it with the people in their team to motivate them. They keep their team up-to-date on what's happening in the organization.

How do you handle a class out of control? ›

10 Ways to Control an Unruly Class
  1. Be the boss. Think of yourself as the commander in chief! ...
  2. Redirect Attention. ...
  3. Let the children call the shots... ...
  4. Give Incentives to Do Their Best. ...
  5. Keep an Eye Out. ...
  6. Establish Consequences for Misbehaving.
Sep 20, 2019

What are the 6 principles of classroom management? ›

Your ability to connect with the students and demonstrating qualities like kindness, warmth, support, clarity, proactive approach, and consistency can go a long way in making the classroom heaven for learning where students exhibit ideal behavior full of politeness and obedience.

What are the six elements for an effective classroom management? ›

The six keys identified to successful classroom management based on the concepts of the Process Communication Model are: (1) Know Yourself; (2) Know Your Students; (3) Examine Current Strategies; (4) Motivate by Type; (5) Develop Intervention Strategies; and (6) Create a Multifaceted Environment.

What is the most important factor in classroom management? ›

Develop Effective Working Relationships With Your Students

The most important component of classroom management is relationships. The relationships with my students start at the door when I shake the their hand and greet them with a smile (regardless of what misbehaviors might have happened the day before).

What is the golden rule in the classroom? ›

Classroom rules. 1. Follow the Golden Rule: Treat others as you would like to be treated. (That also applies to me as your teacher.)

What are the basic elements of strong classroom management? ›

Classroom Management Guide
  • Organizing your Classroom and Supplies. ...
  • Establishing Classroom Norms and Expectations. ...
  • Fostering Student Accountability. ...
  • Getting Off to a Good Start. ...
  • Planning and Conducting Instruction. ...
  • Managing Cooperative Learning Groups. ...
  • Maintaining Appropriate Student Behavior. ...
  • Communication Skills for Teaching.
Jun 11, 2022

What are proactive and reactive classroom management strategies? ›

Two Approaches

A proactive approach is when the teacher tries to eliminate a problem behavior before it becomes a problem. A reactive approach is when the teacher deals with behavior when it becomes a problem in the classroom. Both approaches are used by teachers in addressing misbehavior in their classrooms.

What are the 4 classroom management strategies? ›

Classroom management can be done in four different ways: authoritarian, authoritative, permissive, and indulgent.

What is an example of being proactive in the classroom? ›

Examples of being proactive include:

Studying for an exam so you have the best chance of succeeding, Turning up to work early to be prepared for your day, and. Asking for help when you are stuck rather than failing at a test.

What is proactive management tool? ›

Proactive management is the approach to management where the leader runs the company “proactively.” Meaning, rather they are active in terms of seeking out new opportunities for the company and dealing with any threats of problems before they even emerge.


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